[USACO09DEC]牛收费路径Cow Toll Paths

题目描述

Like everyone else, FJ is always thinking up ways to increase his revenue. To this end, he has set up a series of tolls that the cows will pay when they traverse the cowpaths throughout the farm. The cows move from any of the N (1 <= N <= 250) pastures conveniently numbered 1..N to any other pasture over a set of M (1 <= M <= 10,000) bidirectional cowpaths that connect pairs of different pastures A\_j and B\_j (1 <= A\_j <= N; 1 <= B\_j <= N). FJ has assigned a toll L\_j (1 <= L\_j <= 100,000) to the path connecting pastures A\_j and B\_j. While there may be multiple cowpaths connecting the same pair of pastures, a cowpath will never connect a pasture to itself. Best of all, a cow can always move from any one pasture to any other pasture by following some sequence of cowpaths. In an act that can only be described as greedy, FJ has also assigned a toll C\_i (1 <= C\_i <= 100,000) to every pasture. The cost of moving from one pasture to some different pasture is the sum of the tolls for each of the cowpaths that were traversed plus a \*single additional toll\* that is the maximum of all the pasture tolls encountered along the way, including the initial and destination pastures. The patient cows wish to investigate their options. They want you to write a program that accepts K (1 <= K <= 10,000) queries and outputs the minimum cost of trip specified by each query. Query i is a pair of numbers s\_i and t\_i (1 <= s\_i <= N; 1 <= t\_i <= N; s\_i != t\_i) specifying a starting and ending pasture. Consider this example diagram with five pastures: The 'edge toll' for the path from pasture 1 to pasture 2 is 3. Pasture 2's 'node toll' is 5. To travel from pasture 1 to pasture 4, traverse pastures 1 to 3 to 5 to 4. This incurs an edge toll of 2+1+1=4 and a node toll of 4 (since pasture 5's toll is greatest), for a total cost of 4+4=8. The best way to travel from pasture 2 to pasture 3 is to traverse pastures 2 to 5 to 3. This incurs an edge toll of 3+1=4 and a node toll of 5, for a total cost of 4+5=9. 跟所有人一样,农夫约翰以着宁教我负天下牛,休叫天下牛负我的伟大精神,日日夜夜苦思生 财之道。为了发财,他设置了一系列的规章制度,使得任何一只奶牛在农场中的道路行走,都 要向农夫约翰上交过路费。 农场中由N(1 <= N <= 250)片草地(标号为1到N),并且有M(1 <= M <= 10000)条 双向道路连接草地A\_j和B\_j(1 <= A\_j <= N; 1 <= B\_j <= N)。 奶牛们从任意一片草 地出发可以抵达任意一片的草地。FJ已经在连接A\_j和B\_j的双向道路上设置一个过路费L\_j (1 <= L\_j <= 100,000)。 可能有多条道路连接相同的两片草地,但是不存在一条道路连接一片草地和这片草地本身。最 值得庆幸的是,奶牛从任意一篇草地出发,经过一系列的路径,总是可以抵达其它的任意一片 草地。 除了贪得无厌,叫兽都不知道该说什么好。 FJ竟然在每片草地上面也设置了一个过路费C\_i (1 <= C\_i <= 100000)。从一片草地到另外一片草地的费用,是经过的所有道路的过路 费之和,加上经过的所有的草地(包括起点和终点)的过路费的最大值。 任劳任怨的牛们希望去调查一下她们应该选择那一条路径。 她们要你写一个程序,接受K(1 <= K <= 10,000)个问题并且输出每个询问对应的最小花费。第i个问题包含两个数字s\_i 和t\_i(1 <= s\_i <= N; 1 <= t\_i <= N; s\_i != t\_i),表示起点和终点的草地。

输入输出格式

输入格式


\* Line 1: Three space separated integers: N, M, and K \* Lines 2..N+1: Line i+1 contains a single integer: C\_i \* Lines N+2..N+M+1: Line j+N+1 contains three space separated integers: A\_j, B\_j, and L\_j \* Lines N+M+2..N+M+K+1: Line i+N+M+1 specifies query i using two space-separated integers: s\_i and t\_i

输出格式


\* Lines 1..K: Line i contains a single integer which is the lowest cost of any route from s\_i to t\_i

输入输出样例

输入样例 #1

5 7 2 
2 
5 
3 
3 
4 
1 2 3 
1 3 2 
2 5 3 
5 3 1 
5 4 1 
2 4 3 
3 4 4 
1 4 
2 3 

输出样例 #1

8 
9