[USACO18FEB]Directory Traversal

题意翻译

奶牛Bessie令人惊讶地精通计算机。她在牛棚的电脑里用一组文件夹储存了她所有珍贵的文件,比如: ``` bessie/ folder1/ file1 folder2/ file2 folder3/ file3 file4 ``` 只有一个“顶层”的文件夹,叫做bessie。 Bessie可以浏览任何一个她想要访问的文件夹。从一个给定的文件夹,每一个文件都可以通过一个“相对路径”被引用。在一个相对路径中,符号“..”指的是上级目录。如果Bessie在folder2中,她可以按下列路径引用这四个文件: ``` ../file1 file2 ../../folder3/file3 ../../file4 ``` Bessie想要选择一个文件夹,使得从该文件夹出发,对所有文件的相对路径的长度之和最小。 输入格式(文件名:dirtraverse.in): 第一行包含一个整数N($2 \leq N \leq 100,000$),为所有文件和文件夹的总数量。为了便于输入,每个对象(文件或文件夹)被赋予一个唯一的1至$N$之间的ID,其中ID 1指的是顶层文件夹。 接下来有$N$行。每行的第一项是一个文件或是文件夹的名称。名称仅包含小写字母a-z和数字0-9,长度至多为16个字符。名称之后是一个整数$m$。如果$m$为0,则该对象是一个文件。如果$m > 0$,则该对象是一个文件夹,并且该文件夹下共有$m$个文件或文件夹。在$m$之后有$m$个整数,为该文件夹下的对象的ID。 输出格式(文件名:dirtraverse.out): 输出所有文件的相对路径的长度之和的最小值。注意这个值可能超过32位整数的表示范围。

题目描述

Bessie the cow is surprisingly computer savvy. On her computer in the barn, she stores all of her precious files in a collection of directories; for example: ``` bessie/ folder1/ file1 folder2/ file2 folder3/ file3 file4 ``` There is a single "top level" directory, called bessie. Bessie can navigate to be inside any directory she wants. From a given directory, any file can be referenced by a "relative path". In a relative path, the symbol ".." refers to the parent directory. If Bessie were in folder2, she could refer to the four files as follows: ``` ../file1 file2 ../../folder3/file3 ../../file4 ``` Bessie would like to choose a directory from which the sum of the lengths of the relative paths to all the files is minimized.

输入输出格式

输入格式


The first line contains an integer N ($2 \leq N \leq 100,000$), giving the total number of files and directories. For the purposes of input, each object (file or directory) is assigned a unique integer ID between 1 and $N$, where ID 1 refers to the top level directory. Next, there will be $N$ lines. Each line starts with the name of a file or directory. The name will have only lower case characters a-z and digits 0-9, and will be at most 16 characters long. Following the name is an integer, $m$. If $m$ is 0, then this entity is a file. If $m > 0$, then this entity is a directory, and it has a total of $m$ files or directories inside it. Following $m$ there will be $m$ integers giving the IDs of the entities in this directory.

输出格式


Output the minimal possible total length of all relative paths to files. Note that this value may be too large to fit into a 32-bit integer.

输入输出样例

输入样例 #1

8
bessie 3 2 6 8
folder1 2 3 4
file1 0
folder2 1 5
file2 0
folder3 1 7
file3 0
file4 0

输出样例 #1

42

说明

This input describes the example directory structure given above. The best solution is to be in folder1. From this directory, the relative paths are: ``` file1 folder2/file2 ../folder3/file3 ../file4 ``` Problem credits: Mark Gordon