# CF809E Surprise me!

• 85通过
• 215提交
• 题目来源
• 评测方式 RemoteJudge
• 标签
• 难度 NOI/NOI+/CTSC
• 时空限制 8000ms / 256MB
• 提示：收藏到任务计划后，可在首页查看。

## 题意翻译

给定一棵 $n$ 个节点的树，每个点有一个权值 $a[i]$ ，保证 $a[i]$ 是一个 $1..n$ 的排列。 求 $$\frac{1}{n(n-1)}\sum_{i=1}^n\sum_{j=1}^n\varphi(a_i*a_j)·dist(i,j)$$ 其中， $\varphi(x)$ 是欧拉函数， $dist(i,j)$ 表示 $i,j$ 两个节点在树上的距离。

感谢@yybyyb 提供的翻译

## 题目描述

Tired of boring dates, Leha and Noora decided to play a game.

Leha found a tree with $n$ vertices numbered from $1$ to $n$ . We remind you that tree is an undirected graph without cycles. Each vertex $v$ of a tree has a number $a_{v}$ written on it. Quite by accident it turned out that all values written on vertices are distinct and are natural numbers between $1$ and $n$ .

The game goes in the following way. Noora chooses some vertex $u$ of a tree uniformly at random and passes a move to Leha. Leha, in his turn, chooses (also uniformly at random) some vertex $v$ from remaining vertices of a tree $(v≠u)$ . As you could guess there are $n(n-1)$ variants of choosing vertices by players. After that players calculate the value of a function $f(u,v)=φ(a_{u}·a_{v})$ $·$ $d(u,v)$ of the chosen vertices where $φ(x)$ is Euler's totient function and $d(x,y)$ is the shortest distance between vertices $x$ and $y$ in a tree.

Soon the game became boring for Noora, so Leha decided to defuse the situation and calculate expected value of function $f$ over all variants of choosing vertices $u$ and $v$ , hoping of at least somehow surprise the girl.

Leha asks for your help in calculating this expected value. Let this value be representable in the form of an irreducible fraction . To further surprise Noora, he wants to name her the value .

Help Leha!

## 输入输出格式

输入格式：

The first line of input contains one integer number $n$ $(2<=n<=2·10^{5})$ — number of vertices in a tree.

The second line contains $n$ different numbers $a_{1},a_{2},...,a_{n}$ $(1<=a_{i}<=n)$ separated by spaces, denoting the values written on a tree vertices.

Each of the next $n-1$ lines contains two integer numbers $x$ and $y$ $(1<=x,y<=n)$ , describing the next edge of a tree. It is guaranteed that this set of edges describes a tree.

输出格式：

In a single line print a number equal to $P·Q^{-1}$ modulo $10^{9}+7$ .

## 输入输出样例

输入样例#1： 复制
3
1 2 3
1 2
2 3

输出样例#1： 复制
333333338

输入样例#2： 复制
5
5 4 3 1 2
3 5
1 2
4 3
2 5

输出样例#2： 复制
8


## 说明

Euler's totient function $φ(n)$ is the number of such $i$ that $1<=i<=n$ ,and $gcd(i,n)=1$ , where $gcd(x,y)$ is the greatest common divisor of numbers $x$ and $y$ .

There are $6$ variants of choosing vertices by Leha and Noora in the first testcase:

• $u=1$ , $v=2$ , $f(1,2)=φ(a_{1}·a_{2})·d(1,2)=φ(1·2)·1=φ(2)=1$
• $u=2$ , $v=1$ , $f(2,1)=f(1,2)=1$
• $u=1$ , $v=3$ , $f(1,3)=φ(a_{1}·a_{3})·d(1,3)=φ(1·3)·2=2φ(3)=4$
• $u=3$ , $v=1$ , $f(3,1)=f(1,3)=4$
• $u=2$ , $v=3$ , $f(2,3)=φ(a_{2}·a_{3})·d(2,3)=φ(2·3)·1=φ(6)=2$
• $u=3$ , $v=2$ , $f(3,2)=f(2,3)=2$

Expected value equals to . The value Leha wants to name Noora is $7·3^{-1}=7·333333336=333333338$ .

In the second testcase expected value equals to , so Leha will have to surprise Hoora by number $8·1^{-1}=8$ .

提示
标程仅供做题后或实在无思路时参考。
请自觉、自律地使用该功能并请对自己的学习负责。
如果发现恶意抄袭标程，将按照I类违反进行处理。