P2850 [USACO06DEC]虫洞Wormholes

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  • 题目提供者 FarmerJohn2
  • 评测方式 云端评测
  • 标签 SPFA 深度优先搜索,DFS 背包 USACO 2006
  • 难度 普及+/提高
  • 时空限制 1000ms / 128MB

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    题目描述

    While exploring his many farms, Farmer John has discovered a number of amazing wormholes. A wormhole is very peculiar because it is a one-way path that delivers you to its destination at a time that is BEFORE you entered the wormhole! Each of FJ's farms comprises N (1 ≤ N ≤ 500) fields conveniently numbered 1..N, M (1 ≤ M ≤ 2500) paths, and W (1 ≤ W ≤ 200) wormholes.

    As FJ is an avid time-traveling fan, he wants to do the following: start at some field, travel through some paths and wormholes, and return to the starting field a time before his initial departure. Perhaps he will be able to meet himself :) .

    To help FJ find out whether this is possible or not, he will supply you with complete maps to F (1 ≤ F ≤ 5) of his farms. No paths will take longer than 10,000 seconds to travel and no wormhole can bring FJ back in time by more than 10,000 seconds.

    John在他的农场中闲逛时发现了许多虫洞。虫洞可以看作一条十分奇特的有向边,并可以使你返回到过去的一个时刻(相对你进入虫洞之前)。John的每个农场有M条小路(无向边)连接着N (从1..N标号)块地,并有W个虫洞。其中1<=N<=500,1<=M<=2500,1<=W<=200。 现在John想借助这些虫洞来回到过去(出发时刻之前),请你告诉他能办到吗。 John将向你提供F(1<=F<=5)个农场的地图。没有小路会耗费你超过10000秒的时间,当然也没有虫洞回帮你回到超过10000秒以前。

    输入输出格式

    输入格式:

    Line 1: A single integer, F. F farm descriptions follow.

    Line 1 of each farm: Three space-separated integers respectively: N, M, and W

    Lines 2..M+1 of each farm: Three space-separated numbers (S, E, T) that describe, respectively: a bidirectional path between S and E that requires T seconds to traverse. Two fields might be connected by more than one path.

    Lines M+2..M+W+1 of each farm: Three space-separated numbers (S, E, T) that describe, respectively: A one way path from S to E that also moves the traveler back T seconds.

    输出格式:

    Lines 1..F: For each farm, output "YES" if FJ can achieve his goal, otherwise output "NO" (do not include the quotes).

    输入输出样例

    输入样例#1: 复制
    2
    3 3 1
    1 2 2
    1 3 4
    2 3 1
    3 1 3
    3 2 1
    1 2 3
    2 3 4
    3 1 8
    输出样例#1: 复制
    NO
    YES

    说明

    For farm 1, FJ cannot travel back in time.

    For farm 2, FJ could travel back in time by the cycle 1->2->3->1, arriving back at his starting location 1 second before he leaves. He could start from anywhere on the cycle to accomplish this.

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