P2964 [USACO09NOV]硬币的游戏A Coin Game

    • 310通过
    • 624提交
  • 题目提供者 FarmerJohn2
  • 评测方式 云端评测
  • 标签 动态规划,动规,dp 博弈论 USACO 2009
  • 难度 提高+/省选-
  • 时空限制 1000ms / 128MB

题解

  • 提示:收藏到任务计划后,可在首页查看。
  • 体验新版界面

    最新讨论 显示

    推荐的相关题目 显示

    题目描述

    Farmer John's cows like to play coin games so FJ has invented with a new two-player coin game called Xoinc for them.

    Initially a stack of N (5 <= N <= 2,000) coins sits on the ground; coin i from the top has integer value C_i (1 <= C_i <= 100,000).

    The first player starts the game by taking the top one or two coins (C_1 and maybe C_2) from the stack. If the first player takes just the top coin, the second player may take the following one or two coins in the next turn. If the first player takes two coins then the second player may take the top one, two, three or four coins from the stack. In each turn, the current player must take at least one coin and at most two times the amount of coins last taken by the opposing player. The game is over when there are no more coins to take.

    Afterwards, they can use the value of the coins they have taken from the stack to buy treats from FJ, so naturally, their purpose in the game is to maximize the total value of the coins they take. Assuming the second player plays optimally to maximize his own winnings, what is the highest total value that the first player can have when the game is over?

    MEMORY LIMIT: 20 MB

    农夫约翰的奶牛喜欢玩硬币游戏.

    初始时,一个有N枚硬币的堆栈放在地上,从堆顶数起的第i枚硬币的币值 为Ci

    开始玩游戏时,第一个玩家可以从堆顶拿走一枚或两枚硬币.如果第一个玩家只拿走堆顶的 一枚硬币,那么第二个玩家可以拿走随后的一枚或两枚硬币.如果第一个玩家拿走两枚硬币,则第二个玩家可以拿走1,2,3,或4枚硬币.在每一轮中,当前的玩家至少拿走一枚硬币,至多拿 走对手上一次所拿硬币数量的两倍.当没有硬币可拿时,游戏结束.

    两个玩家都希望拿到最多钱数的硬币.请问,当游戏结束时,第一个玩家最多能拿多少钱 呢?

    输入输出格式

    输入格式:

    * Line 1: A single integer: N

    * Lines 2..N+1: Line i+1 contains a single integer: C_i

    输出格式:

    * Line 1: A single integer representing the maximum value that can be made by the first player.

    输入输出样例

    输入样例#1: 复制
    5 
    1 
    3 
    1 
    7 
    2 
    
    输出样例#1: 复制
    9 
    

    说明

    There are five coins with the values 1, 3, 1, 7, and 2.

    The first player starts by taking a single coin (value 1). The opponent takes one coin as well (value 3). The first player takes two more coins (values 1 and 7 -- total 9). The second player gets the leftover coin (value 2-- total 5).

    提示
    标程仅供做题后或实在无思路时参考。
    请自觉、自律地使用该功能并请对自己的学习负责。
    如果发现恶意抄袭标程,将按照I类违反进行处理。