P3038 [USACO11DEC]牧草种植Grass Planting

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  • 题目提供者 FarmerJohn2
  • 评测方式 云端评测
  • 标签 动态规划,动规,dp 树链剖分,树剖 线段树 USACO 2011 高性能
  • 难度 提高+/省选-
  • 时空限制 1000ms / 128MB


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    Farmer John has N barren pastures (2 <= N <= 100,000) connected by N-1 bidirectional roads, such that there is exactly one path between any two pastures. Bessie, a cow who loves her grazing time, often complains about how there is no grass on the roads between pastures. Farmer John loves Bessie very much, and today he is finally going to plant grass on the roads. He will do so using a procedure consisting of M steps (1 <= M <= 100,000).

    At each step one of two things will happen:

    • FJ will choose two pastures, and plant a patch of grass along each road in between the two pastures, or,

    • Bessie will ask about how many patches of grass on a particular road, and Farmer John must answer her question.

    Farmer John is a very poor counter -- help him answer Bessie's questions!




    * Line 1: Two space-separated integers N and M

    * Lines 2..N: Two space-separated integers describing the endpoints of a road.

    * Lines N+1..N+M: Line i+1 describes step i. The first character of the line is either P or Q, which describes whether or not FJ is planting grass or simply querying. This is followed by two space-separated integers A_i and B_i (1 <= A_i, B_i <= N) which describe FJ's action or query.


    * Lines 1..???: Each line has the answer to a query, appearing in the same order as the queries appear in the input.


    输入样例#1: 复制
    4 6 
    1 4 
    2 4 
    3 4 
    P 2 3 
    P 1 3 
    Q 3 4 
    P 1 4 
    Q 2 4 
    Q 1 4 
    输出样例#1: 复制